Apoplexy – stroke
Ague – fever & chills of malarial infection
Consumption – tuberculosis
Cramp Colic – appendicitis
Dropsy – edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease. Dropsy would be called congestive heart failure today. It is an accumulation of fluid around the heart, for a variety of complex reasons, and one treatment is administration of digitalis (foxglove leaves).
Lung Fever – pneumonia