Ancient History first
It is reported the McNamee name was mentioned in the ancient history of Ireland before the year one They were poets to the O’Neil clan-an original tribe in Northern Ireland. Actually being the poet was better than being the king. The kings could be deposed or murdered but the poets were never mistreated because they were the keepers of the oral history. The poets were noted for their memory, wit and sarcasm. This apple has traveled many miles
Decking Line —long chain used to pile logs on skid-way prior to loading on sleighs to move to lake or river for spring log drive
Buzz Saw—Portable, circular sawing machine used to cut large quantities of wood for heatinghome Sawing Bee –Neighbours garthing at each farm to cut wood
Buck Rake –Farm Machinary
Large fork attached to the front of a tractor-A winch lifted and
lowered the fork- usually by cable which ran under the tractor
Felt ???? laced to bottom of foot to protect the heel of wool socks from wearing out-
Wooden skid hauled by horses to pick stone from fields —Saved lifting heavy stones onto wagon
Wind Bag- Joe McNamee’s definition of local women monopolizing
country party (phone) line– “That old wind bag is on there again”
Can Hook–Lumber men
Wooden handle with a large swivel hook –two feet ??from end
Used to rotate logs on to sleighs or saw mill carriage
Decking line–Lumber industry
Long (40 ft.) light chain with hook on one end–used to roll logs on to sleighs with horses–Hook was fastened to sleigh and chain was rolled around log in the pile, as horse moved forward log rolled up skids onto sleigh
Gee-Haw– driving horses
Gee told the horse to turn left —Haw told the horse to turn right or was it the other way– Oh— Go yell at a horse
At harvest time the farmer hooked a three horse team to the binder and started to cut grain.The grain was cut, then felled on to the deck by the reels,elevated to the knotters by the canvases .The knoters divided the grain into sheeves,tyed the sheeves and kicked the sheeves out into the sheeve carrier. The sheeves were dropped in lines called winnrows. The second man or boy (usually me) stood the sheeves back up in stooks to dry and finish riipen
Each farmer cut his grain individually and 4-6 weeks later the neighbers would gather at each farm for a “threshing bee”. Each farmer brought his best wagon,best team and as many sons that could do a full days work. You were expected to do a full days work at thirteen-ten hours.
Used to harvest grain– as the grain was cut it fell onto a canvas elevater and was lifted up to the knotter platform where it was tided into bundles call sheaves
Bundles of grain bound by hand or machine during harvest
A Permenant ladder to get over a fence —Step up one side
turn—Back down the other
The Woden spoked wagons didn’t have roller bearings like modern machinery.Thel end on the wooden axle was a tapered casting and the centre of the spoked wheel was another casting.THese castings were tappered in differant directions The axle being small on the
outside the wheel being large on the inside. They were held together by a large nut that could fall off when backing up
Long pole Strong usually ash used to move logs around on a river drive
Your first cousins are the people in your family who have at least one of the same grandparents as you. In other words, they are the children of your aunts and uncles.
Your second cousins are the people in your family who share the same great-grandparent with you.
THIRD & FOURTH COUSINS
Your third cousins share at least one great-great-grandparent, fourth cousins share a great-great-great-grandparent, and so on.
When the word “removed” is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations. “Once removed” indicates a difference of one generation, “twice removed” indicates a difference of two generations, and so forth.
DOUBLE FIRST COUSINS
First cousins twice, once on your father’s side and once on your mother’s side, since your father’s sibling married your mother’s sibling
KITH and KIN
“Kith” are friends and acquaintances whereas “Kin” are blood relatives or someone treated like one.
*****To give an example, the child of your first cousin is your first cousin, once removed. That is, your cousin’s child would be “almost” your first cousin, except that he or she is one generation removed from that relationship. Likewise, the grandchild of your first cousin is your first cousin, twice removed (two generations removed from being a first cousin).
Many people confuse the term “first cousin, once removed” with “second cousin.” The two are not the same.
SO,my father’s first cousin is my first cousin once removed
My fathers first cousin’s children are my second cousins
Pleurisy which was an old term for Tuberculosis
a secondary lifting device used at barn raisings or pulling stumps The “first lift” off the ground was the most difficult in a barn raiising–Or wind mills–a second pole was attacched to the lifting rope and the end stuck in the ground at aproximately forty-five degeress with the rope tight–when the lifting pull was applied to the rope the second pole “started ” the lift of the primary beams .When the second pole passed vertical the primary beams were passed 45 degress and the rest of the lift was easy
Barn Frame terminology
Trimmer—main beam that runs under a barn–The sleepers sat on the trimmer
Sleepers —-Barn framers name for floor joists
Bent—best described as the arrangement of beams at the ends of a barn –other “bents” are arranged at equal distances across the length of the barn
The “King Post” was the longest bean in a “bent” It ran to the perline plate
Some barns had a “Queen Post”. It was the angled post that ran to the perline plate if the framer used a short “king Post”
Perline plate— the beam that runs the length of a roof half way up the roof–if the barn had a “hip roof ” the change in angle occurred at the perline
Top plate –the lower end of the rafters sat on the top plate and ran up to the perline plate
Hip roof—a barn roof with two different angles –gives more room for storage
Gang way or tram way—the tappered ramp that leads from ground level to the second level
Thrash floor –the floor on the upper deck– usually between the center bents— that the has been re-enforced for the weight of the thrashing machine or loads of hay Most thrash floers were of three inch planks The gang way leads to the thrash floor
When building a frame barn the logs were “saw cut” or hewn into square timber -A beam was marked for an intercepting beam and rectangular hole was cut in that beam–This hole was called a “mortis”. The intercepting beam had its end cut to a similar shape -.This end was called a “tenant” The tenant was fitted into the “mortis” and a hole was drilled thru both. Into this hole was driven a wooden peg. More beams were arranged into a pre-determined pattern called a “bent”
The two or more center bents were assembled on the floor while the two end “bents” were assembled with the bottom ends on the floor and their tops on the ground The connecting beams were laid on the barn floor in their correct position— all finished to length and their tenants cut to the proper size
Some framers assembled the end bents on the upper deck itdepended on the lenth of the barn
At a “barn Raising” all the neighbours arrived early in the morning The bents were all assembled on the floor The first lift was off the floor onto saw horses –by hand. The second lift was with short poles up to about 45 degress
The last lift the men used long pike poles and stood the bent vertical At all times ropers were attached the the top beams to prevent the frame from falling over the other side
Sandy McNabb was kmow as the best barn framer in this area but their were others –Pat McGee—Joe Lee– Tom Kelly
Antique Tools and Machinery
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Lands–Forrows and the Art of Ploughing
A plough turns over the earth–Principly to loosen the earth and killl the grass—the grove left behind is a furrow A field is divided into smaller sections called “lands” so the farmer does’nt pack down his feshly tilled earth
A pioneer took great pride in his ability too plough his land “Straight and Deep”–It was a differant world –90% of the cultivated land was first ploughed by the single plow and a team of horses–day light to dark—six days a week
Recorded for us by Carden Researcher Frances Laver
By Watson Kirkconnell
Revised and Updated by Frankie MacArthur
County of Victoria Centennial History
Dalton Township is named after Dr. John Dalton (1766-1844), a famous English scientist who did much to establish the atomic theory of the constitution of matter.
Dalton’s municipal neighbours are Carden on the south, Digby on the east, Ryde (in Muskoka District) on the north and Rama (in Ontario County) on the west.
It is almost entirely made up of glaciated granite. Three streams, the Black River in the north, Cranberry River in the centre and Head River in the south flow across it from east to west. At least two thirds of the township consists of huckleberry plains. Its scanty apportionment of arable soil lies chiefly near the Head River and the southern boundary, though small streaks of farming land may be found along the valleys of the other rivers.. The Gardiners, Montgomerys and Thompsons were among the earliest settlers.
Scotch and Irish Presbyterians dominate the present day population. The latest census total is 204 (probably 1911)
Uphill is a village of half a hundred people near the south end of the Digby boundary. It was long made famous by its tavern keeper, John Calhoun of the North Star Hotel. Dartmoor in the south, Sadowa in the west and Ragged Rapids in the northeast, have been rural post offices. Sebright is a village of about fourscore inhabitants scattered on both sides of the Rama-Dalton boundary where the Monck Road crosses it between the first and second concessions of Dalton.
It has been estimated that Dalton has 25,000 acres of non agricultural lands that are well adapted for reforestation.
One of the most picturesque figures in the municipal history of the township is Joseph Thompson, who was reeve for a quarter century. Thompson was a great hunter and many legends have been handed down concerning his prowess in the wilderness.
Recorded for us by Carden Researcher Frances Laver
BY Watson Kirkconnell
Revised by Frankie L. Mac Arthur
County of Victoria Centennial History
Carden and Digby Townships are named after two English captains whose heroic exertions were largely responsible for the successful embarkation of Sir. John Moore’s army at Coruna in the Peninsular War, Sir John Colborne, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada From 1830 to 1836, had been one of the other officers there and it is supposed that the two townships were named at his suggestion.
Carden is a rectangular municipality, ten concessions from west to east and twenty five lots from north to south. It touches Eldon on the south, Bexley and Laxton on the east, Dalton on the north and Mara in Ontario County on the west. It lies near the edge of the granite country and therefore has thin soil and frequent outcroppings of limestone. A large area in the centre of the township consists of tamarack and balsam plains, unbroken by any road or trail. The assessor in 1911 classified 38,256 acres as swamp, marsh or waste land. Two shallow lakes, Upper Mud Lake and Lower Mud Lake lie in the northwest corner of Carden.
The chief settlements have been in the northwest and southeast corners of the township. The Conors, Dexters, Gillespies, Murtaghs, Quigleys and Richmonds were among the earliest pioneers. Irish, Roman Catholics are perhaps the dominant element in the population. The 1911 census gives the following racial classifications : Irish – 378, English – 184, Scotch – 69, German and Dutch – 90, all others – 19. The church adherents were as follows: Roman Catholic – 282, Methodist – 254, Presbyterian – 121, Anglican – 20, all others – 7.
Rohallion in the south, Horncastle in the east, Carden in the north and Dalrymple in the west have been rural post offices.
Letter to Walter D. Deverell, clerk of Carden from F.L. Weldon February 1937
The Township of Carden was organized as a separate Township by By-Law #162 of the United Counties of Peterborough and Victoria passed in the year 1860. Previous to that time the Township of Carden was joined to the Township of Eldon.
This from Carden researcher Frances Laver
Lindsay Daily Post June 4, 1925
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